Foolproof Whole-Wheat Dough for Double-Crust Pie
Why This Recipe Works
Our goal was to create a whole-grain pie dough that baked up tender and flaky instead of delicate and crumbly—the typical issues with crusts made with even a portion of whole-grain flour. These problems stem from the fact that whole-grain flours can't form as much gluten as all-purpose flour. We used the food processor to coat 1½ cups of whole-wheat flour with butter, forming a water-resistant paste. We broke that paste into pieces, coated them with 1 cup of all-purpose flour, and tossed in some grated, frozen butter. When we added the water, it hydrated only the all-purpose flour, which formed the dough's gluten. When we rolled out the dough, we created layers of high-gluten dough, which provides structure and crisp flakiness, and low-gluten dough, which adds richness and tenderness.