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What Is The Difference Between Stock and Broth? Ask Paul

No stock answers here.

Sylvia asked: What is the difference between stock and broth?

It’s fine if you use the terms interchangeably. Many professionals do. And even cooks who insist on a distinction might have a hard time deciding, in practice, which is the appropriate term for any given cupful.

Both liquids are produced via the same basic process: simmering meat and/or vegetables in water. Typically you start with aromatic vegetables such as onions, celery, and carrots. Sautéing them first gives the cell walls a high-heat head start at breaking down, and the oil added at that stage allows fat-soluble flavor compounds to come out of the produce and into the fat..

Then, during a lengthy simmer in water, the plant cells break down more fully, giving up their sweet, salty, savory contents. Droplets of oil containing the dissolved fat-soluble aromatic compounds are distributed throughout the liquid.

If there’s meat and/or bones in the pot, they also release their savory amino acids, salts, and other flavorful components—but also collagen, the firm three-stranded structural protein that abounds in animal tissue. With long cooking, the collagen’s triple strands unravel into single strands of gelatin, which dissolves into the water and gives it that luscious delicate viscosity that makes it satisfying to sip, and also work as a sturdy building block for soups and sauces.

Right there we have begun to sneak up on the answer to the question. The difference between stock and broth is not in their components or how they’re made, or even in what they are. The difference is in how they’re used.


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Stock is an ingredient. The flavorful, full-bodied fluid provides the backbone for innumerable recipes, whether used by the quart as a cooking liquid or reduced to a potent concentrate and added to dishes by the spoonful.

Broth is a food rather than an ingredient: You can enjoy a cup or bowl of it as is, or with add-ins like matzo balls. Stock can be turned into broth with just a bit of seasoning, or you can just drink it and call it broth.

Very confusingly, the products in the supermarket that are used as stock—used to cook with—are most commonly labeled “broth,” although they’re sometimes labeled “stock”.

Products labeled “bone broth” are generally significantly higher in gelatin than ones without the word “bone,”but otherwise not very different: They can be used as stock or eaten as broth.

Ask Paul Adams, senior science research editor, about culinary ambiguities, terms of art, and useful distinctions: paul@americastestkitchen.com

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JC
JOHN C.
16 days

Absolutely the best chicken ever, even the breast meat was moist! It's the only way I'll cook a whole chicken again. Simple, easy, quick, no mess - perfect every time. I've used both stainless steel and cast iron pans. great and easy technique for “roasted” chicken. I will say there were no pan juices, just fat in the skillet. Will add to the recipe rotation. Good for family and company dinners too. I've done this using a rimmed sheet pan instead of a skillet and put veggies and potatoes around the chicken for a one-pan meal. Broccoli gets nicely browned and yummy!

Absolutely the best chicken ever, even the breast meat was moist! It's the only way I'll cook a whole chicken again. Simple, easy, quick, no mess - perfect every time. I've used both stainless steel and cast iron pans. great and easy technique for “roasted” chicken. I will say there were no pan juices, just fat in the skillet. Will add to the recipe rotation. Good for family and company dinners too.

MD
MILES D.
JOHN C.
9 days

Amazed this recipe works out as well as it does. Would not have thought that the amount of time under the broiler would have produced a very juicy and favorable chicken with a very crispy crust. Used my 12" Lodge Cast Iron skillet (which can withstand 1000 degree temps to respond to those who wondered if it would work) and it turned out great. A "make again" as my family rates things. This is a great recipe, and I will definitely make it again. My butcher gladly butterflied the chicken for me, therefore I found it to be a fast and easy prep. I used my cast iron skillet- marvellous!

CM
CHARLES M.
11 days

John, wasn't it just amazing chicken? So much better than your typical oven baked chicken and on par if not better than gas or even charcoal grilled. It gets that smokey charcoal tasted and overnight koshering definitely helps, something I do when time permits. First-time I've pierced a whole chicken minus the times I make jerk chicken on the grill. Yup, the cast iron was not an issue.